Before we get into the % calculation, let us first define Percentage.
The exact definition of the word ‘percentage’ is a ‘share of something.’ In the context of the numeral 100, the percentage signifies the quantity or proportion. Mathematically, the term ‘per’ ‘cent’ implies ‘per’ ‘hundred.’ In this article, we are going to discuss what percentage is & how to calculate percentage.
This abbreviation of the term “percentage” signifies what is the share / hundred. There is also a percentage symbol, which is represented as – percent. In the percentage formula, this symbol is used to denote any quantity or number between 0 and 1. This percentage denotes the number that is a fraction of 100. In general, the percentage is often used to compare the outcomes of other data that is likewise presented in % form.
Percentage in simple words means a part of something. A ratio or fraction in which the total is always equal to 100 is known as a percentage. It is very simple to calculate the percentage as the formula to do the math is quite simple.
|Percentage Formula = Given Value/ Total Value *100|
How to Calculate the Percentage?
We can calculate the percentage by dividing the given value by the total value and finally the answer multiplied by 100. Let’s suppose we take an example and calculate the percentage for a given problem.
In a class, the class teacher needs to roll out the report cards for one of the students named Sameer. She needs to calculate the percentage the student has received. The marks received by the students in all the five subjects has been given below.
Marks obtained in Mathematics – 80 out of 100
Marks obtained in Science – 90 out of 100
Marks obtained in Social studies -75 out of 100
Marks obtained in English – 100 out of 100
Marks obtained in Hindi – 92 out of 100
According to the percentage formula, the total marks for all the five subjects is 100 plus 100 plus 100 plus 100 plus 100 that equals to 500. Now let’s calculate the total marks obtained by the student. Let’s add – 80+90+75+100+92 = 437. Now let’s put the value obtained in the percentage formula that is Value / Total value * 100, we get:
(437/ 500) × 100= 87.4 %
Therefore, the percentage marks obtained by the student is 87.4%.
Examples Related to the Percentage Formula
Example 1: There are a total of 50 students in class 5. In the class, there are a total of 20 girls and a total of 30 boys. What percentage of boys are there in class 5?
Solution: Let’s note down the information that is given in the question about the class,
Number of girls = 20 girls
Number of boys = 30 boys
Total number of students in class = 50 students
Therefore, the percentage of boys in the class is equal to (30/50)*100 = 60%
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